This paper examines, in summary, the role of the Nigerian Standards for Drinking Water Quality 2007 in achieving the supply of reliable and, clean water in Nigeria. The Standard Organisation Act 2004 establishes the Standard Organisation of Nigeria and, gave it the power among other things to make enforceable standards for the quality of products in Nigeria. Pursuant to its powers, it made the Nigerian Standards for Drinking Water Quality 2007.
The Nigerian Standards for Drinking Water Quality 2007 is aimed at achieving the effective protection of public health against water-related diseases by setting preventive management standards. It regulates water sanitation in Nigeria. The standard defines the physical and chemical parameters of the water components of every water to be supplied in Nigeria except for mineral and packaged water. The reason for the exemption is that mineral and packaged water are already regulated by the Nigerian Industrial Standard for the Natural Mineral Water.
The Standard confers on the Federal Ministry of Water and Mineral Resources, the power to implement the provisions of the standard at the national level. While the state apparatus that is responsible for water quality will see to its implementation at the state level. Thus, the various state agencies that are responsible for water supply and quality will implement the provisions of this standard in their respective states. Any water that does not comply with the stipulations of the standard will not be approved for supply by the Federal Ministry of Water and Mineral Resources.
In conclusion, the Nigerian Standards for Drinking Water is right at the heart of achieving water sanitation and, the supply of quality water in Nigeria.